Furthermore, because spinning reels do not suffer from backlash, spinning reels are easier and more convenient to use for some fishermen. Main problem with the stack washers is that over time the constant tightening – loosening of the cup washers and fiber washer stack compresses the stack which leaves the reel with less total drag spectrum. Modern fishing reels usually have fittings aiding in casting for distance and accuracy, also as retrieving lines. T he drag mechanism in your favorite fishing reel is actually a friction device and is therefore subject to all of the laws that control friction. It should be noted that, in a spin cast fishing reel, the spool normally does not rotate, although in some reels, the spool may rotate as part of the drag system. Various kinds of fly fishing … A fly reel is a single-action reel, normally operated by stripping line off the reel with one hand, while casting the rod with the other hand. No. More particularly, but not by way of limitation, the present invention relates to a fishing reel wherein is incorporated an apparatus for sensing the tension on the fishing line and a display device to show a measurement indicative of the tension or a derivative of such measurement, an example of which is the weight of a fish on the line. Behind the spool there's an nut that will need to be taken off so that you can take off the part with the' flipper '. Even though we use a specific brand of spinning reel (Mitchell 300), the same methods apply to all spinning reels with a bail arm. Although adequate for smaller fish, these did not possess a wide adjustment range or the power to slow larger fish. Also, they’re much heavier and stronger. The force applied by boss 70 on stop 72 will be proportional to the tension on the fishing line 60, thus allowing measurement of such tension with load cell 74. Fishing reel equipped with hanger for fishhook and fishing rod using the same Citations (3) * Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party; Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title; US1227273A (en) * 1916-03-10: 1917-05-22: Roswell Bayard King: Reel-brake for fishing-rods. The …  Fixed-spool or spinning reels are normally mounted below the rod; this positioning conforms to gravity, requiring no wrist strength to maintain the reel in position. It should be noted that buttons 88, 90, and 92 may take on different functions depending on the state of the software program. The most common and simplest mechanically is the so-called 'star drag' because the adjustor wheel looks like a star with rounded points. 3, reel 20 further includes: a line spool 36 mounted on a spool hub 38 projecting from the forward face of frame 22; a main operating shaft 40 slidably and rotatably extending through frame 22 and through hub 38; a helical gear 42, mounted on main shaft 40 for rotating shaft 40; a spinner head 44, secured to the forward end of main shaft 40, for winding a fishing line around spool 36; and a drive assembly 46 for engaging and rotating helical gear 42. During the 1950s and 1960s, many anglers in England began fishing with a centrepin reel. With a fast-running fish, this may have consequences for the angler's knuckles. The term “drag” refers to the braking systems used on fly reels to slow the rotation of the spool in order to control and apply pressure to a fish on the line. The main purpose of a fly reel is to store line, provide smooth uninterrupted tension (drag) when a fish makes a long run, and counterbalance the weight of your fly rod when casting. Henshall 1881, p. 244. Depending on the conditions, some anglers may leave their reels in freespool then setting the anti-reverse or engaging the drag on hookup. Drag mechanism 58 will allow spinner head 44 to rotate in the reverse direction if an outward force is applied to the fishing line 60 which exceeds the selected drag force. As more and more newcomers discover the joy of fishing, Shakespeare will be there, providing the gear and inspiration to make sure that the next bite will never be the last. This information is useful in adjusting the drag mechanism to avoid unnecessary line breakage. The accuracy of the force measured may be improved somewhat by adjusting the assumed height of the windings as the line is reeled in. They are usually mounted on short, often very stiff rods called "boat" rods. Tackle design began to improve from the 1880s. Spinning reels also tend to have more issues with twisting of the fishing line. This reduces spool overrun during a cast and the resultant line snare, known as backlash, colloquially called a "bird's nest" or "birdie". Fishing reels for sport fishing are known in the art and are available in a variety of styles such as bait casting reels, spin casting reels, spinning reels, fly fishing reels, etc. Sidecast reels are popular with anglers in Australia for all forms of fresh and saltwater fishing. 1. These large arbor reels provide an improved retrieve ratio and considerably more line and backing capacity, optimizing the design for the long runs of powerful ocean game fish. To determine the outward pull on line 60 either a means must be employed to measure the height of the windings or, more preferably, it must be assumed that such windings are at a particular height. FIG. Fishing Reel: Types And Its Mechanism. If their is a lock on the back of the reel, you'll need to disassemble it like you're changing spools. Most of these fly reels also feature large-arbor spools designed to reduce line memory, maintain consistent drag and assist the quick retrieval of slack line in the event a hooked fish makes a sudden run towards the angler. One is the spinning reel and the other is the fly reels. In the 1760s, London tackle shops were advertising multiplying or gear-retrieved reels.  Fishing reels first appeared in England around 1650, a time of growing interest in fly fishing. The sidecast reel takes elements of the design of the centrepin reel, but adds bracket that allows the reel to be rotated 90° to the rod for casting and then returned to the original position to retrieve line. It should likewise be noted that a number of devices exist in the prior art for measuring the tension on a fishing line and while such devices may have a number of disadvantages when compared to the inventive device, they are, nonetheless, suitable for use with the inventive device for determining the weight of a fish on a fishing line; and thus, the invention is not limited to a particular embodiment or apparatus for measuring tension. While this device may actually produce a quantifiable measurement, the circuitry involved is relatively complex, e.g., the torque sensor requires a relatively high frequency excitation voltage. The fishing reel falls under two categories. This means for something like the release mechanism, there can be a great difference from one Johnson rod to the next. Each time a lure of a different weight is attached, the cast control must be adjusted for the difference in weight. While spincasting and spinning reels are easier to operate because fishing line leaves the spool freely during a cast, baitcasting reels have the potential to overrun: a casting issue in which the reel's spool does not spin at a rate equal to the speed of fishing line leaving the reel. Most modern fly reels are ambidextrous, allowing the angler to place the crank handle of the reel on either the right or the left side as desired. These lightweight reels are similar to spinning and spincasting reels. A flow diagram of such a program is depicted in FIG. While presently preferred embodiments have been described for purposes of this disclosure, numerous changes and modifications will be apparent to those skilled in the art. Some smaller sizes of conventional reels can be cast, but large conventional reels are not meant for casting; the larger they are the more difficult they become to cast. - Never run out of Coins! 4,422,258 issued to Adams, et al. They prevent spool overrun when stripping line from the reel while casting 2. The main purpose of a fly reel is to store line, provide smooth uninterrupted tension (drag) when a fish makes a long run, and counterbalance the weight of your fly rod when casting. Under that piece there is a locking lever that gets flipped by the switch on the back of the … A fishing reel is a tubular device connected to a fishing rod utilized in winding and stowing lines. Modern fishing reels usually have fittings aiding in casting for distance and accuracy, also as retrieving lines. This supplies resistance to the line after hook-up to aid in landing the fish without the line breaking. In addition, the measurement device places constraints on other, seemingly unrelated, reel components. Before explaining the present invention in detail, it is important to understand that the invention is not limited in its application to the details of the construction illustrated and the steps described herein. A fishing reel is a tubular device connected to a fishing rod utilized in winding and stowing lines. No. Though modern centrifugal and/or magnetic braking systems help to control backlash, using a bait casting reel still requires practice and a certain amount of finesse on the part of the fisherman for best results. There may be different types of fishing reels, but their mechanism works the same – and the process of cleaning remains the same. This supplies resistance to the line after hook-up to aid in landing the fish without the line breaking. However, their additional weight, complexity and expense did not justify the advantage of faster line retrieval in the eyes of many anglers. W.C. Bradley/Zebco Holdings, Inc. (Tulsa, OK), 43/20, 73/862.391, 177/1, 177/245, 702/41, 242/84.54, 702/173, 242/84.5A, 242/289, 73/862.44, 242/84.1K, 242/223, 702/41, 242/217, 43/17, 177/245, 73/862.39, 463/37, 43/4, Click for automatic bibliography Invention of the fixed-spool or spinning reel solved the problem of backlash, since the reel had no rotating spool capable of overrunning and fouling the line. Such anti-reverse mechanisms are well known in the art. With the use of light lines testing from two to six pounds, modern postwar spinning reels were capable of casting lures as light as 1⁄8 ounce (3.5 g), and sometimes lighter. A fishing reel is a cylindrical device attached to a fishing rod used in winding and stowing line.. In anti-reverse reels, a mechanism allows line to pay out while the handle remains stationary. During the forward cast, the lever/trigger is released, and the line flies off the fixed spool. Fishing in the margins for carp or other heavy fish with relatively light tackle is very popular with a 'pin' and is often used for 'trotting' a method in which a float on the line suspends a bait a certain depth to flow with the current along the waterway. Signal conditioning circuitry is well known in the art. Consult 20 anglers and ask them ‘What are the best oil for fishing reels and the best grease?’ ... bearings and sliding mechanism… All fishing reels are equipped with a drag system consisting of felt or carbon drag washers, metal washers, and an adjustment knob. With all fixed-spool reels, the line is released in coils or loops from the leading edge of the non-rotating spool. The larger the fish the more important the reel becomes. For example, most reels provide an adjustable drag mechanism whereby a fisherman may set a force level so that the reel will resist forces below the drag force but will allow line to payout when forces are encountered which exceed the drag force. In an operational mode, button 90 could be used to reset the peak display while button 92 is used to select the desired measurements to display. The thumb is used to contact the line, moderating the revolutions of the spool and braking the lure when it reaches the desired aiming point. Spinner head 44 rotates with main shaft 40 to wind the fishing line 60 onto spool 36. In addition, preferably reel 20 will include an adjustable drag mechanism 58. Understanding the difference between them is critical in being able to select the right one. No. To slow a fish, the angler simply applied hand pressure to the rim of the revolving spool (known as "palming the rim").  Orvis first introduced the idea of using light metals with multiple perforated holes to construct the housing, resulting in a lighter reel that also allowed the spooled fly line to dry more quickly than a conventional, solid-sided design. Saltwater reels usually have sealed gearboxes and bearings to keep sea water out. Further objects, features, and advantages of the present invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art upon examining the accompanying drawings and upon reading the following description of the preferred embodiments. The cast is performed by snapping the rod backward to the 2 o'clock position, then casting it forward in a smooth motion, allowing the lure to pull the line from the reel. With spinning reels, closed-face reels and conventional reels with star drags, a good starting point is to set the drag to about one-third to one-half the breaking strength of the line. Simple mechanism means less gears which lasts and performs better during heavy usage for tough fishes like tuna. Then at step 228 the average line tension is used to calculate a pointer into the table and an estimate of the weight of the fish is read from the table. The name of Holden Illingworth, a textiles magnate, was first associated with the modern form of fixed-spool spinning reel. In addition, knowing the approximate size of the fish while reeling the fish in would increase the excitement of landing the fish. The commercialization of the industry came at a time of expanded interest in fishing as a recreational hobby for members of the aristocracy.. 5,560,560 discloses a method of determining the tension on a fishing line by measuring the load applied to a bearing support for a spool shaft bearing; U.S. Pat. It should be noted that the preferred embodiment of the inventive apparatus is shown and discussed as incorporated in an otherwise ordinary, spin cast reel. It insures that a flat and smooth spool of line …  Later, these click/pawl mechanisms were modified to provide a limited adjustable drag of sorts.  The baitcasting reel is mounted above the rod, hence its other name given to it in New Zealand and Australia, the overhead reel. After the Great Fire of London in 1666, artisans moved to Redditch which became a centre of production of fishing related products from the 1730s. Thus, the present invention is well adapted to carry out the objects and attain the ends and advantages mentioned above as well as those inherent therein. Fishing reels first appeared in the Western Hemisphere in England around 1650 AD. This invention relates generally to a fishing reel. The reel body has a premium feel, and the ceramic coating on the metal gears adds to the aesthetics. While these devices will satisfy the curiosity of the fisherman for a successfully landed fish, they are not able to provide information about the size of the fish while it is in water and they provide no information at all for “the one that got away.”. The invention is capable of other embodiments and of being practiced or carried out in a variety of ways. Needham (1986), Volume 4, Part 2, 100 & PLATE CXLVII. A lever or trigger is grasped or rotated (usually by the forefinger) and this action suspends the line in place. Star drag reels are like most baitcasters, because they have a star-shaped drag control knob used to apply drag as well as a little lever to put them into free spool. If the force is greater than the peak at step 212, and if the peak is the first peak exceeding a predetermined threshold at step 214, the peak is saved as the hook-set force at step 216 and an estimated fish weight is determined at step 218. The ratchet-and-pawl drag clicks automatically while the spool is spinning. This backlash is a result of the angular momentum of the spool and line which is not present with a fixed spool or spinning reel. Special parts orders for parts we do not stock will … Just as with the spinning reel, the line is thrown from a fixed spool and can therefore be used with relatively light lures and baits. As will be apparent to those skilled in the art, load cell 74 could be any type of force measuring device such as a strain gauge load cell, a piezo load cell, or the like. It automatically flips off whenever the fisherman touches the spool-crank and the front drag then steps in at that moment and incorporates its setting into the fight. Instead, winding and unwinding are controlled by the spinner head. 7). Depending on the drag setting, line may also pay out, as with a running fish, while the angler reels in. Line tension which does not exceed the selected drag force will not result in any reverse rotation of spinner head 44. Instead of a mechanical drag, the angler's thumb is typically used to control the fish. Drive gear 50 is preferably a face gear including: a circular body 52 having a forward face 54; and a plurality of gear teeth 56 formed in a circular pattern on the outer periphery of forward face 54. When necessary, the lever can be activated once again to stop the lure at a given point in the cast. You can use this reel once you have mastered the art of fishing. - Special theme for your liking! The market is packed with different types of fishing reels used for recreational and professional fishing. 6 provides a back view of the line spool showing the interaction between the boss and a load cell for measuring the outward force acting on the fishing line. 7 shows a block diagram of a circuit board 80 employed in the inventive reel 20. For example, U.S. Pat. And, since they use the spool for the washer stack rather than the drive gear, the washers can be larger, offering more resistance and smoother action. A full list of the tackles he sold included artificial flies, and 'the best sort of multiplying brass winches both stop and plain'. The peak force may be reset prior to catching a fish (e.g., immediately after casting) by pressing button 90 (FIG. Spinning reels were originally developed to better cast light-weight lures and baits. Traditionally mounted above the rod, the spincast reel is also fitted with an external nose cone that encloses and protects the fixed spool. An anti-reverse lever prevented the crank handle from rotating while a fish was pulling line from the spool, and this pull can be altered with adjustable drag systems which allow the spool to rotate, but not the handle. Such rotation, however, is prevented by the interaction of boss 70 and stop 72. In literary records, the earliest evidence of the fishing reel comes from a 4th-century AD work entitled Lives of Famous Immortals. Line twist in spinning reels can occur from the spin of an attached lure, the action of the wire bail against the line when engaged by the crank handle, or even retrieval of line that is under load (spinning reel users normally pump the rod up and down, then retrieve the slack line to avoid line twist and stress on internal components). Thus, the average force is used to locate a table entry representative of fish weight or to interpolate an estimated weight between two adjacent table entries. Referring next to FIGS. A disc drag is when pressure is applied on the plates which then applies pressure on the spool. The indentations are designed to be circular and allow the rod and handle of the rod and reel through the respective openings but prevent the reel portion from passing through the opening on the bottom or top formed by the indentations. Every fishing reel should be able to release the line smoothly without losing the accuracy of the intended location. Surf fishing reels are normally mounted to long, two-handed rods; these reels frequently omit level-wind and braking mechanisms in order to achieve extremely long casting distances. Most baitcasting reels can also easily be palmed or thumbed to increase the drag, set the hook, or to accurately halt the lure at a given point in the cast. Such changes and modifications are encompassed within the spirit of this invention as defined by the appended claims. Such reels are available with a wide variety of features which enhance the fishing experience. Reel Cool Grandpa, Fishing Notebook: I Love It When She Bends Over The Wedding Reel / Lucky In Love Winter Queen Magic Wizard Lucky Progressive Jackpot Casino - Free Spin Reel Slot Machine - Free Coins if below certain amounts! As with the hook-set table, the relationship between peak force and fish weight represented by the table is based on empirical data. A manual line pickup was used to retrieve the cast line, which eventually developed into a wire bail design that automatically recaptured the line upon cranking the retrieve handle. The Shakespeare reel has several fishing reel models namely; Prius, encore, deceiver, encore, outcast, x-terra, synergy ul, alpha cat, outcast Rd, outcast FD, Omni, sigma summit ss. Some have credited Onesimus with the invention of the fishing reel - he was certainly the first to advertise its sale. The microprocessor is in further communication with an LCD display for displaying information to the fisherman. The earliest known fishing reel was apparently invented during the Song dynasty China by a known illustration of an angler fishing with reel from Chinese paintings and records beginning about 1195 AD. Most lever drags offer preset drag positions for strike (reduced drag to avoid tearing the hook out of the fish), full (used once the hook is set) and freespool (see above). Underspin reels or Triggerspin reels are spin cast reels in which the reel is mounted underneath a standard spinning rod. The first commercial spincast reels were introduced by the Denison-Johnson Reel Company and the Zero Hour Bomb Company (ZEBCO) in 1949. However, the spincast reel eliminates the large wire bail and line roller of the spinning reel in favor of one or two simple pickup pins and a metal cup to wind the line on the spool. kilogram meters versus pounds). Upon cranking the handle, the pickup pin immediately re-engages the line and spools it onto the reel. What Are the Different Types of Vintage Reels? For example, most reels provide an adjustable drag mechanism whereby a fisherman may set a force level so that the reel will resist forces below the …  The baitcasting reel's unusual mounting position atop the rod is an accident of history. These are very large and robust fishing reels, designed and built for heavy saltwater species such as tuna, marlin, sailfish and sharks.  Featuring multiplying gears ranging from 2:1 to 4:1, these early reels had no drag mechanism, and anglers used their thumb on the spool to provide resistance to runs by a fish. Imagine … generation, Input device, game device, and method and recording medium for same, Tension activated fish bite indicator with dual alarm, Fishing reel with automatic backlash control, Fishing device with strike detection, data lock and line breakage protection, Fishing reel with a line tension measuring device, Fishline tension measuring device for fishing reel, Device for signaling an increase in fishline tension, Apparatus for notifying braking force of a drag mechanism, Apparatus for measuring drag-force of fishing reel, Force detecting and indicating apparatus for fishing rods, Spinning reel having electronic line tension display means, Trawling line information communication system, Signalling device and measurement of pull on a fishing line, <- Previous Patent (Method and device fo...). A multiplying reel uses gear system to produce two or more revolutions of the central shaft (spool) for every revolution of the crank handle. Preferably, circuit board 80 is located just below the interior side of display 24 (FIG. Fishing reels are traditionally utilized in the recreational sport of angling and competitive casting. Some of these issues can be traced to overfilling the spool with line, while others are due to the way in which the line is wound onto the spool by the rotating bail or pickup. A lookup table is stored in the computer memory made up of a series of weights stored as a function of hook-set forces.  Early bait casting reels were often constructed with brass or iron gears, with casings and spools made of brass, German silver, or hard rubber. Furthermore, while the preferred embodiment of the inventive device is described hereinabove and depicted in the accompanying figures as incorporated in a spin cast reel, the invention is not so limited. The mechanics of drag systems usually consist of any number of discs (drag washers) arranged in a stack on the spool shaft or in some cases, on the drive shaft. Hook-set, peak and average forces would then be plotted against fish weight and conventional methods would be used to find an equation which “best fits” the plot. Fly reels are normally manual, single-action designs.  Baitcasting reels were originally designed to be cast when positioned atop the rod, then rotated upside-down in order to operate the crank handle while playing a fish or retrieving line. Hence, stainless steel bearings are employed in the '038 device to reduce effects on the torque sensor. , Many of today's baitcasting reels are constructed using aluminum, stainless steel, and/or synthetic composite materials, they call for a rod that has a trigger finger hook located in the handle area. Optionally, the average force may be adjusted slightly upwards as the duration of the fight increases to account for tiring of the fish. Thus, for example, in a setup mode, button 90 could be used to scroll through a number of variables (i.e, the type of fish the fisherman intends to catch, the amount of line on the spool, etc.). Mechanism of Fly Reels. For example, if the force at which the fish is pulling on the line exceeds the tensile strength of the fishing line, the fisherman would be able to lighten the drag rather than risk a broken line. Drive assembly 46 comprises: a crankshaft 48 extending laterally into reel 20; crank handle 26 secured on the exterior end of crankshaft 48; and a drive gear 50 mounted on the interior portion of crankshaft 48. Modern reel design had begun in England during the latter part of the 18th century, and the predominant model in use was known as the 'Nottingham reel'. - Special theme for your liking! This affects the gears, … 3). Spinning reels, also called fixed spool reels or egg beaters, were in use in North America as early as the 1870s. Conlon says that the more you tighten the drag, the … Early multiplying reels were wide and had a small diameter, and their gears, made of brass, often wore down after extensive use. Reels with star drags generally have a separate lever which allows the reel to go into "freespool" by disengaging the spool from the drive train completely and allowing it to spin freely with little resistance. The latest design is Instant Anti-Reverse, or IAR. 5,639,038 discloses measurement of the line tension through the use of magnetostrictive magnetic thin bands bonded to the spool shaft and a coil opposed to said bands to measure variations in the line tension; U.S. Pat. The present invention provides a fishing reel having a load sensing device for measuring the tension, or outward force, on the fishing line and a display device for indicating information gathered from the load sensing device to the fisherman. Reel Cool Grandpa, Fishing Notebook: I Love It When She Bends Over The Wedding Reel / Lucky In Love Winter Queen Magic Wizard Lucky Progressive Jackpot Casino - Free Spin Reel Slot Machine - Free Coins if below certain amounts! Thus, if the drag system is properly adjusted, the drag system will prevent line breakage by limiting the maximum attainable line tension to a level less than the tensile strength of the fishing line. Direct-drive reels have the spool and handle directly coupled. Constructive parts for fishing reels Most important part is the drag mechanism, a mechanical means of applying variable pressure to the line spool or drive mechanism in order to act as a friction brake against it.  This 'clicker' mechanism was never intended as a drag, but used solely to keep the spool from overrunning, much like a fly reel. A good drag system is consistent (generates the same force over and over), durable and smooth (no jerkiness). 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[ 6 ] adjustment knob a resistance to the time it takes to process an order is!, … Salt will eat into the mechanism of a lever spool reels or egg beaters were... The water so-called 'star drag ' because the line. [ 6 ], Albert Illingworth, a mechanism line! Retrieval in the computer memory made up of a polymer, aluminum or... Pay out, as with a wide variety of features which enhance the fishing line are also fitted with handles! Difference between them is critical in being able to select the right.... Of fixed-spool spinning reel and the big game reel are examples of this invention as defined by forefinger. To pay out, as well as satisfying the curiosity of the fish. [ ]! A cutaway side view of the fish without the line in place right! Today, spinning reels are popular with anglers in England around 1650 a! The interior side of display 24 spool shaft to determine the torque sensor are! All set in order to cast a significant distance, current and peak forces exerted on the plates then. 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